Put simply, the less viscous the fluid is, the. Centipoise (cP) is commonly used to describe dynamic viscosity because water at a temperature of 20°C has a viscosity of 1. Turbulent Flow in a Pipe. [7], deﬁned the viscosity of two-phase gas–liquid ﬂow (l. Dynamic viscosity N / square meter [N. Measurement units, Dynamic Viscosity Converter, Dynamic Viscosity Converter, Centipoises(cP), Grams per centimeter second(g/(cm·s)), Kilograms per meter second(kg/(m·s)), Newton seconds per square meter(N·s/m2), Pascal seconds(Pa·s), Poises(P), Pound-force seconds per square inch(lbf·s/in2), Pound-force seconds per square foot(lbf·s/ft2), Pounds per foot second(lb/(ft·s)), Pounds per. The Earlex SG243 Ford No. L and H are the values of viscosity at 40°C for oils of V I = 0 and 100 respectively,. Viscosity-Kinematic Converter. This is the size batch you want to make. Power Module Life Estimator. 837 38 77 154 0. In 1893 William Sutherland, an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic viscosity, , and the absolute temperature, , of an ideal gas. The Equation of State (EoS) by Span and Wagner (1996) is used to calculate the properties of pure CO 2 at the temperatures from -56. Calculate specific volume (v), specific internal energy (u), specific enthalpy (h) and specific entropy (s) for compressed water and superheated steam as a function of temperature (T) at a fixed pressure (p). Viscosity is the most important lubricant property. Dynamic viscosity: μ = 1 mPa·s = 10−3 Pa·s = 0. The design site for electronics engineers and engineering managers. This calculator helps to calculate your electricity costs. Flow rate = 700GPM Viscosity = 100cP Specific Gravity = 1 The Pressure Drop Chart for Basket strainers indicates a drop of 0. Question from Ron, a student: A body that weighs 540lbs is caused to slide up an inclined plane with a uniform velocity by a force that acts parallel to the plane. The DV-II+Pro can be used to collect the viscosity data of single speed th. 139 at 15°C which is the value usually used for design. The mixed-alkali effect for the viscosity is shown to be caused mainly not by alkali-alkali but by non-linear alkali-silica interactions. 2017-11-10Viscosity Charts Air Filtration Test Basic Lubrication Design Bearing Wear Analysis Effects of Shearing Engine Oil Analysis Functions of Grease Moly Basics Motor Oil University States of Lubrication Conversion Calculators Viscosity Calculator Viscosity Charts Gas station pump speed filter type filter age? 2007 F-350 6 0L--0W-30 ESSO XD-3. Scientific Calculator An advanced scientific calculator with a comprehensive set of mathematical functions including trigonometric, hyperbolic, logarithmic, exponential, factorial, combination and permutation. If there is a range, set the temperatures to the center of the range. The calculator below can be used to calculate air dynamic or kinematic viscosity at given temperatures and atmospheric pressure. Equations are available for an air viscosity temperature calculator to calculate the viscosity of air at specified temperature and pressure. Examples of How to Calculate Flow Resistance for Liquids. Introduction 2. Recalculation of density of oil for different temperature and pressure values. Shear stress in the µ-Slide I Luer family Nomenclature and units:. The viscosity of liquids is encountered in everyday life, such as the viscosity of a cooking oil decreasing and thinning as the oil is heated in a pan. There are two different types of viscosity. 0 430 530 1,000 1,475 1,950 81 34 41 82 12 28 34 46 10 17 24 30. coronavirus. 0 cs from viscosity curve. These are made available to help you do preliminary mixer sizing, mixtank volume, etc. The viscosity of a fluid is its resistance to flow and is highly influenced by temperature. Flow rate, a term in fluid dynamics and hydrometry, is the volume of fluid which passes through a container (example: a pipe) per unit time and is measured as cubic metres per second and represented by the symbol Q. Another method for calculating the viscosity of air at a specified temperature and pressure will also be presented and discussed. 3 zahn cups. Note the viscosities of the two oils and your desired viscosity. Directions: 1. Best Graphing Calculator Online We have the most sophisticated and comprehensive TI 84 type graphing calculator online. Enggcyclopedia. Tension = Total Force * sin(x) = 15 * sin(15) = 9. Viscosity Chart. One reason for this is that rotational viscometers often display shear rate values as speed changes or it is easy to calculate shear rate from the viscometer speed. The mixed-alkali effect for the viscosity is shown to be caused mainly not by alkali-alkali but by non-linear alkali-silica interactions. Use to calculate a full scale flow correction for media other than DI water at 23°C NT™ Flow Viscosity, Density and Temperature Correction Webtool Our Science. Here is a handy liquid viscosity chart of common liquids and their viscosity in each the 3 standard measurement units. Viscosity 1. Al-Khafiji correlation [9] has been applied to calculate viscosity of Azerbaijan oil samples. Centipoise (cP) is commonly used to describe dynamic viscosity because water at a temperature of 20°C has a viscosity of 1. The unit of dynamic viscosity is the Poiseuille (=Pa·s). The calculation of glass properties (glass modeling) is used to predict glass properties of interest or glass behavior under certain conditions (e. 2 MB in size. 62 x 10^-7 pound-second/square feet The density (specific volume), pressure, and temperature of a gas are related to each other through the equation of state. Herz and Wegner (12) measured the viscosity of glycerol solutions of 10 to 92% concentration at temperatures From 10' to 80' C. Viscosity is considered impossible to calculate from theory because it strongly depends on liquid structure, composition and interactions as well as external conditions in a complicated way. ENGINEERING. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. It relates to the amount of disorder in the flow, with a larger nunber (e. Visualise the way fluid viscosity changes with temperature. Over 125 mathematical and scientific constants are accessible in an easy-to-navigate list. 2) what is the density of a fluid that has a kinematic viscosity of 1 m 2 /s and a dynamic viscosity of 0. An Internet search on “viscosity index calculator” will direct you to several Web pages. Introduction 2. Move the mouse over a unit or click on it to read its full name. The initial distribution of phases depends on depth, temperature, pressure, composition, historical migration, type of geological trap, and reservoir heterogeneity (that is, varying rock properties). A; ASTM D341 / Viscosity-temperature extrapolation; ASTM D2270 / Viscosity index (VI) from 40°C and 100°C; ASTM D2270 / Viscosity index (VI) from free. Calculate hydrodynamic friction force. The viscosity of two phase fluids and mixtures can be calculated from the dynamic visc. This calculator is programmed to convert ingredient percentages to ingredient weights. To calculate the wall shear stress correctly, you must know the viscosity of the perfused medium. The volume calculator above will tell you how many units of resin and hardener you’ll need based on total volume. 833 amps: 12 volts: 15 watts: 1. Pressure Calculator Solve for different variables related to force, area, bulk modulus, compressibility, change in volume, fluid column top and bottom pressure, density. In the development of our calculator special attention was focused on calculating values at elevated water temperatures. The units of viscosity are pascal times second (Pa·s). [3] deﬁnition of two-phase viscosity but with the addition of an extra term. SmartConversion is an online resource that primarily provides free online unit conversion and calculation tools. Dynamic viscosity μ is used in Darcy's law to calculate the rate of fluid flow in porous media. Viscosity is a measure of the resistance of a fluid which is being deformed by either shear stress or tensile stress. nu = mu / r Re = V * L / nu The units of nu are length^2/sec. In my previous video, “Mixing Paint & Filling a Spray Gun, Small Shop Spray Painting Part V” I simply guessed when I thought I had it thin enough. This thermal expansion calculator can be used to calculate linear or volumetric expansion of a material. The lower the number, the thinner the oil and the more easily it flows. Our data were generally in agreement with the limited data available in the literature and were correlated using simple. com's Atmoshperic Calculator computes properties of the earth's atmosphere and aerodynamic quantities on a reference body in two difference measurements. Knowing a fluid's viscosity makes its flow rate predictable under certain circumstances. I need to translate this into seconds zahn cup 2 in order to determine the proper cylinder specifications to use. The calculation is based on standard extruder screw geometry and typical output rates. no other way that I know of). The sphere can be a small marble or steel ball. In nonideal fluid dynamics, the Hagen–Poiseuille equation, also known as the Hagen–Poiseuille law, Poiseuille law or Poiseuille equation, is a physical law that gives the pressure drop in an incompressible and Newtonian fluid in laminar flow flowing through a long cylindrical pipe of constant cross section. Wattage and amperage at 12 volts Power Current Voltage; 5 watts: 0. Kinematic Viscosity Calculator Fluid Momentum Diffusivity Calculator getcalc. Intrinsic Viscosity (IV) is a measure of the polymers molecular weight and therefore reflects the material's melting point, crystallinity and tensile strength. In general, gas viscosity is less than liquid viscosity. Then calculate the kinematic viscosity using its formula, ν = η / ρ. Thermodynamics Calculator Pro contains 58 Calculators, Converters and References, that can quickly and easily calculate, convert and provide different Thermodynamics and Thermal Engineering parameters. The SG243 is compatible with all Earlex Spray Station models. Equations displayed for easy reference. An equation is used to calculate viscosity based on the time it takes for a sphere to move through a tube using the force of gravity. 8 m/s^2, a = radius of ball bearing, and v = velocity of ball bearing through liquid. Significant Figures. From the viscosity of unfilled material and 10% filled material, we can calculate viscosity for other filled materials. Oil and Water Viscosity conversions including various oils, water, and glycerin, at various temperatures. To find the mass of water you will need a beaker and a scale. 002 Centipoise. Online Water Viscosity Calculator. 574 Calculators & Converters related to Civil, Beams, Columns, Piling, Concrete, Survey, Soil & Earthwork, Structural Engineering, Bridges, Highway & Road, Hydraulics and Timber. Calculate the average for the five time trials for each liquid and enter it in your data table. Liquid Viscosity Models--CENG 402 Project--by Eric Lee and Rebecca Sisson. A box will be highlighted yellow if it needs input. Viscosity 1. Diffusion time increases with the square of diffusion distance. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. As viscosity tends to change with temperature for most fluids, being able to accurately calculate viscosity across a range of operating temperatures is vital in determining if a pump can even handle a viscous fluid at lower start-up temperatures. 4 cSt 700 SSU ~ 151 cSt 55 SSU ~ 8. "State system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements. Using this equation, derived from Stokes’ law, calculate the viscosity of your fluid. Total number of units: Base Units (969) Derived Units (164766) If you like our website, please help us spread the world and remember to bookmark us. 42, 95% confidence interval = 1. The buffer components form will appear. Here is a handy liquid viscosity chart of common liquids and their viscosity in each the 3 standard measurement units. 1 kN/m3, what is its density? 2. 526 Pa*s / 2000 Kg/m 3 = (1. Process Flow Calculation. A Reynolds number above 4000 generally results in turbulent flow. 2-To calculate yield point. The calculated data should be used as reference information only. ) Fourth, calculate the nitrogen share of the total cost of 10-34-0 per ton of product:. "Viscosity is an indication of the 'thickness' of the blood, or its resistance to flowing normally. coronavirus. The falling ball viscometer measures the viscosity of fluids and some units can also measure the viscosity of gases. Viscosity is an important factor in determining friction losses due to shear energy in a fluid process system and in the selection and sizing of valves, filters, instrumentation and piping. The sphere can be a small marble or steel ball. The viscosity on this page is the dynamic (absolute. How many Lohms are required? Solution: Read kinematic viscosity; v = 5. Calculate hydraulic power unit performance, efficiency, pipework size, thermal balance and accumulators capacities. Viscosity can be impacted by both shear and temperature. The intrinsic viscosity is obtained in the limit of c 2 =>0 as [h] = (h - h 0)/(c 2 h 0). Code to add this calci to your website Just copy and paste the below code to your webpage where you want to display this calculator. The dynamic viscosity coefficient divided by the density is called the kinematic viscosity and given the Greek symbol nu. calculators, engineering calculators Poiseuille's Equation Calculator: Enter value and click on calculate. examples of measuring apparent viscosity of the same polypropylene with different filler fraction (glass fibres in this case). Acceleration converter. The sea level standard value of air viscosity mu is mu = 1. Oil and Water Viscosity conversions including various oils, water, and glycerin, at various temperatures. Motor oils are selected for automobiles based on their viscosity-to-temperature relationship. Supports conversion between Poise, Centipoise, Water at 20C, Water at 40C, Heavy Oil at 20C, Heavy Oil at 40C, Glycerin at 20C, Glycerin at 40C, SAE 5W at -18C. Calculate the Reynolds numbers for the flow of water and for air through a 4-mm-diameter tube, if the mean velocity is 3 m/s and the temperature is 30 °C in both cases (see Example 1. Evonik Oil Additives has developed tools to aid in the calculation of blending efficiency, viscosity index, base oil mixtures, CCS viscosity, and gear oil formulations. Loan Calculator. Lenntech BV is not responsible for programming or calculation errors on this sheet. The Sutherland formula canbe used to calculate the viscosity of a gas at a specified temperature if the Sutherland constant isavailable for the gas. 0 430 530 1,000 1,475 1,950 81 34 41 82 12 28 34 46 10 17 24 30. Dynamic Viscosity Poise, centipoise, pascal second, reyn, and many more Kinematic Viscosity Stokes, centistokes, lentor, square meter/second, square foot/second, poise cubic centimeter/gram, and many more. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. Set all the holding phase parameters to zero. Note: Calculations are possible only, if Javascript is activated in your browser. From the Einstein equation, it is clear that [h] = 2. This calculator is programmed to convert ingredient percentages to ingredient weights. Includes usage and definitions descriptions of units and categories. Fluid Density Calculator The density of water is a function of both temperature and salinity. Volume Flow Unit Program. Use our free online app Volumetric Flow Rate using Poiseuilles Equation Calculator to determine all important calculations with parameters and constants. Use this easy tool to quickly convert Centistokes as a unit of Kinematic viscosity. You may want to check our Hydrometer Temperature Adjustment Calculator if you are getting samples at other temperatures. meters to yards, liters to gallons). This software is an intellectual property of SparkLabs. 417 amps: 12 volts: 10 watts: 0. For a gas as flowing fluid, instead of the density, you can enter gas constant, pressure and temperature at actual conditions. This is the size batch you want to make. Viscosity (η) is a fluid property which indicates how resistant that fluid is to flow. The viscosity maximum is pronounced, if the material at rest behaves viscoelastic and the time dependent stress or viscosity build-up competes with the viscosity decrease due to structure break-down with increasing stress. Calculate the viscosity using the viscosity index The calculator on this site is for informative purposes only and we make no claims as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for any particular purpose of the results produced by our calculators. The advanced scientific, financial and programmer calculators provide a comprehensive set of mathematical functions and constants to help you perform any type of calculation. Conversions between SI, imperial, US, and other units. For example, Davidson et al. Calculate with this converting program the units to US/UK units or SI units. Air Temperature = 0C Air Pressure = bara Air Viscosity = cP. Dynamic viscosity is a measure of internal resistance. Enter total batch volume. Turbulent Flow Rate Calculator The Smartflow Reynolds Number Calculator is provided as a service to the injection molding community as an easy-to-use online resource. Viscosity demonstration. The DV-II+Pro can be used to collect the viscosity data of single speed th. Viscosity is a function of temperature, pressure, gravity and dissolved gas in the oil. Be very careful to show your units and how they cancel out. ft (pounds per cubic foot) and if we know that a sample of ethyl alcohol has a sg of 0. Cyclone calculator solving for gas viscosity given cut diameter, inlet width, effective turns, inlet velocity, particle density and gas density. 0 kg/m 3 = 50. s) L = the length of the tube (cm or m) About 150 years ago Darcy carried out simple experiments on packs of sand, and hence developed an empirical formula that remains the main permeability formula in use in the oil industry today. Viscosity is a measure of a lubricating oil’s resistant to flow. critical constants database. Evonik Oil Additives has developed tools to aid in the calculation of blending efficiency, viscosity index, base oil mixtures, CCS viscosity, and gear oil formulations. Click on "Submit" to have it evaluated by Magma. Al-Khafiji correlation [9] has been applied to calculate viscosity of Azerbaijan oil samples. Put simply, the less viscous the fluid is, the. Centipoise (cP) Gram per centimeter second (g/(cm·s)) Kilogram per metre second (kg/(m·s)) Newton second per square metre (N·s/m²) Pascal-second (Pa·s) Poise (P) Pound-force second per square inch (lbf·s/in²) Pound-force second per square foot (lbf·s/ft²) Pound per foot second (lb/(ft·s)) Pound per foot hour (lb/(ft·h)) Slug per foot second (slug/(ft·s)) Poundal. If you heat a liquid, you increase it's volume because as the molecules are heated, they move & take up more space. Oil viscosity is often correlated directly to the reserves estimate in heavy-oil formations and can determine the success or failure of a given enhanced-oil-recovery scheme. Appleton Lighting Retrofit Calculator. 0 430 530 1,000 1,475 1,950 81 34 41 82 12 28 34 46 10 17 24 30. Click for table. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Since it might be useful when considering pressure effects, this function calculates the pressure at the bottom and in the middle of the cell (given the currently loaded data set). 0; Synapticrelay). 4 cSt 700 SSU ~ 151 cSt 55 SSU ~ 8. Many of the compounds I am trying to model are not in any Aspen databases and have been User Defined. (The calculator on this site is for informative purposes only and we make no claims as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for any particular purpose of the results produced by our calculators. It also uses the current setting for the buffer density. Shear stress in the µ-Slide I Luer family Nomenclature and units:. The intrinsic viscosity is obtained in the limit of c 2 =>0 as [h] = (h - h 0)/(c 2 h 0). What happens is the base oils mix together to form a new base oil viscosity and then the VIIs from each oil mix together and work off the new base oil viscosity. Online Calculators: Online Javascript Calculator Units Conversions, Properties and Constants Loan Calculator Mortgage Calculator Body Mass Index Calculator Basal Metabolic Rate Calculator Total Metabolic Rate Calculator Calories Burned for Various Activities Predict distance running time from another distance result Photographic exposure calculator. (2) and (3), the units of viscosity are given by force per area per inverse time. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. In nonideal fluid dynamics, the Hagen–Poiseuille equation, also known as the Hagen–Poiseuille law, Poiseuille law or Poiseuille equation, is a physical law that gives the pressure drop in an incompressible and Newtonian fluid in laminar flow flowing through a long cylindrical pipe of constant cross section. The Poiseuille’s method is formally used to estimate the coefficient of viscosity, in which the liquid flows through a tube at the different level of pressures. Calculator Rates Mortgage Discount Points Calculator. With our Heat Transfer Coefficient calculator being our most popular, this collection of six, easy to use tools will assist you in calculating a variety of industry standard data points including rates of heat transfer, thermal expansion, operating viscosity, system pressure drop and achieving turbulent flow. It is well-known from Hydrodynamic Lubrication Theory that viscosity plays a central role in the lubrication regime encountered in the machine element – the higher is the viscosity, the thicker is the oil film that separates the surfaces from touching each other. << Manning Formula Uniform Pipe Flow at Given Slope and Depth. Intrinsic Viscosity (IV) is a measure of the polymers molecular weight and therefore reflects the material's melting point, crystallinity and tensile strength. 6 The Measurement of Viscosity Douglas,J. Click on any empty space in the window or on the "calculate" button. The lower the number, the thinner the oil and the more easily it flows. Dynamic viscosity X10-3 [N. Calculate pipeline fluid viscosity, density and flow rate for single phase fluid, single phase gas, and two phase gas liquid. Reynolds numbers of 2000 to 4000 are transitional, meaning flow may be laminar or turbulent. Write the formula of a borane by changing the coefficients below [B. The person wants you to buy it for $100, saying that is a gold nugget. Stokes Law fluid mechanics calculator solving for viscosity given acceleration of gravity, particle diameter, medium density, particle density and terminal velocity. Standard practice for calculating viscosity index from kinematic viscosity at 40 and 100°C. Weight to Volume conversions for select substances and materials. 61 m 3 /hr Volumetric flow in each 1" tube = 50. Calculator description Reynolds number named after Osborne Reynolds (1842 – 1912), gives the relation between inertial and viscous forces of fluid flow. 2 If the speciﬁc weight of a liquid is 8. Viscosity describes a fluid's internal. It features conversion calculators to help you convert between metric & imperial values. The distance is calculated as:. Conductivity Converter. HYDROGEN FUEL CELL POWER AND VOLTAGE CALCULATOR - Jason M. Fanno Flow and Rayleigh Flow calculators by Adam Ford, included 7 th February 2008. The fluid viscosity, density and flowrate can either be calculated, or user defined. 2 = Signifies that at 70°F, the compound is below the normal boiling point and only the equilibrium vapor is present at 1 atmosphere. 5:1 (3460/1005=3. The viscosity of a fluid depends on the temperature. More virtual CoolPropDbl calc_reduced_density (void). In this method a Viscosity Blending Number (VBN) of each component is first calculated and then used to determine the VBN of the liquid mixture as shown below. 81 × 10-5 Pa·s. The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin Madison and industry. Thus, water is “thin”, having a lower viscosity, while honey is “thick”, having a higher viscosity. Falling ball viscometers measure the time it takes for a sphere of a known size and density to descend through a stationary liquid. Dynamic Viscosity Poise, centipoise, pascal second, reyn, and many more Kinematic Viscosity Stokes, centistokes, lentor, square meter/second, square foot/second, poise cubic centimeter/gram, and many more. All blenders rely upon their viscosity-blending calculators, often used as a magic black-box giving the right blend composition [1,2]. The significance of the Grashof number is that it represents the ratio between the buoyancy force due to spatial variation in fluid density (caused by temperature differences) to the restraining force due to the viscosisty of the fluid. the slope of the velocity profile near the wall) is going to determine viscosity. The Registered version is different to the Trial version - Registered Users need to download from the Registered Users page. The fluid on the left has a lower viscosity than the fluid on the right. Our Viscosity Index Calculator is our new online calculation tool where, by entering the results of your sample's kinematic values at 40 °C and 100 °C, you can have the viscosity index value calculated in an instant. com's Atmoshperic Calculator computes properties of the earth's atmosphere and aerodynamic quantities on a reference body in two difference measurements. m = the dynamic viscosity of the fluid (poise or Pa. Measuring Viscosity Activity: Viscosity Activity Worksheet 3 5. Viscosity - Dynamic conversion calculator for metric and imperial units. This version is usable for browsers without Javascript also. 11 Causes of viscosity in a liquid Chapter 10: Laminar and Turbulent Flows in Bounded Systems 10. The calculation of glass properties (glass modeling) is used to predict glass properties of interest or glass behavior under certain conditions (e. The dynamic viscosity, η, can be obtained by multiplying the kinematic viscosity, ν, by the density, ρ, of the liquid. We start from the high-temperature gas-like dynamics, cor-. Use this calculator to convert from different units of flow. To calculate flow rate, you have to enter the orifice plate throat diameter as well as pipe interior diameter, together with fluid properties - density and viscosity. The Stokes has the units of cm²/s. x = (2×70+3×80+1×90) / (2+3+1) = 470 / 6 = 78. Then calculate the kinematic viscosity using its formula, ν = η / ρ. " Thus, water is "thin," having a lower viscosity, while honey is "thick" having a higher viscosity. Now, we need to enter all of the information into the calculator above. The IV is used as part of the specification to select the right grade of PET for a particular application, and is measured at various points of the supply chain. Bass Fishing Boat Speed Calculator. Visualise the way fluid viscosity changes with temperature. A; ASTM D341 / Viscosity-temperature extrapolation; ASTM D2270 / Viscosity index (VI) from 40°C and 100°C; ASTM D2270 / Viscosity index (VI) from free. 2-To calculate yield point. 785 then we can calculate that its density is 0. Best Graphing Calculator Online We have the most sophisticated and comprehensive TI 84 type graphing calculator online. Currency Rates. We start from the high-temperature gas-like dynamics, cor-. Here the frictional force (acting between the fluid and the particle) is determined by the viscosity coefficient, radius of the particle and the relative velocity of the particle. Individual Steam Properties Calculator watch tutorial view guide Calculates steam and liquid water properties given two properties using the IAPWS Industrial Formulation 1997. Free online Flow Rate calculator which helps you calculate the flow rate of any pipe given its diameter and liquid/gas velocity or its height and width (for a rectangular pipe) and velocity. BDO Unibank is regulated by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas with contact number (02) 8708-7087 and with email address [email protected] Tabulated values of butane viscosity and viscosity units conversion are. No compensation is given for high discharge pressures, high viscosity or screw wear. pure hydroc vapor. Multiphase Flow Calculator. Calculator Use. V2 is the volume of bleach solution you are preparing. Enggcyclopedia. com's Atmoshperic Calculator computes properties of the earth's atmosphere and aerodynamic quantities on a reference body in two difference measurements. Find Volumetric Flow Rate using Poiseuilles Equation Calculator at CalcTown. density, dynamic viscosity, kinematic viscosity, specific enthalpy, specific entropy, specific isobar heat capacity cp, specific isochor heat capacity cp, thermic conductivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, heat conductance, thermal diffusivity, Prandtl-number, coefficient of compressibility Z, speed of sound. This software is an intellectual property of SparkLabs. This could be written:. Third, calculate the phosphorus share of the total cost in one ton of 10-34-0: Cost of P 2 O 5 per ton of 10-34-0 = 680 lbs P 2 O 5 x 28 cents per lb = $190 (This value will be used in the next calculation. 506 23 46 93 0. It decreases with rising temperature, i. Fluid is considered as incompressible, so density (rho) and temperature (T) are constant through tube. Assume the air is at standard atmospheric pressure. e depends on the molarity (M) of the solution. viscosity is similar to the Dukler et al. In the oil industry, there is a need to identify a viscosity standard that is representative of light oils produced from ultra-deep formations found beneath the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. SmartConversion is an online resource that primarily provides free online unit conversion and calculation tools. Live Interactive Ships Traffic Kinematic Viscosity at 100 °F CST 11233 Vanadium ppm 11222 Neutralization Number. com's Kinematic Viscosity (ν) Calculator is an online physics tool to calculate the ratio of dynamic viscosity to unit density of the fluid, in both US customary & metric (SI) units. Hyperviscosity refers to any state in which there is increased viscosity of the blood. This calculator helps to calculate your electricity costs. Another method for calculating the viscosity of air at a specified temperature and pressure will also be presented and discussed. 001 kg/(m·s) = 1 cP = 10−2 poise. The most complete, flexible and versatile petroleum calculator for professionals in the oil and gas industry! Now also available for desktop! IMPORTANT NOTE: for users who have problems with the keyboard (dot or comma not showing): some of the newer Android devices seem to have a bug in the soft keyboard, that results in the absence of dot / comma on the number keypad. Flow rate = 700GPM Viscosity = 100cP Specific Gravity = 1 The Pressure Drop Chart for Basket strainers indicates a drop of 0. Calculators: Length Unit Converter. The individual curves are due to shearing alone, while the spacing between the lines is the temperature effect on viscosity. Click for table. The educational resource for the global engineering community. Viscosity, the "thickness" of fluid, refers to how resistant a fluid is to movement through it. It relates to the amount of disorder in the flow, with a larger nunber (e. Heat Transfer Calculator. This measurement is obtained by mixing an aqueous suspension of ground samples with digestive enzymes in a disposable canister in the Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA). For example, honey, which is "thicker" than water, has a much higher viscosity and so is more resistant to shear stresses. The IV is used as part of the specification to select the right grade of PET for a particular application, and is measured at various points of the supply chain. Archbutt and Deelev (2) made careful viscosity measurements of glycerol solutions at 20' C. The Reynolds number is proportional to the ratio of inertial to viscous effects. Calculate the viscosity of a slurry mixture consisting of salt (50 percent by weight) in saturated brine assuming a newtonian fluid. It is well-known from Hydrodynamic Lubrication Theory that viscosity plays a central role in the lubrication regime encountered in the machine element – the higher is the viscosity, the thicker is the oil film that separates the surfaces from touching each other. For example, if you want to convert from meters to micrometers you would convert from "base unit" to micro. Standards are NIST-traceable and certified to ASTM D2162 under ISO/IEC 17025 guidelines. The Reynolds number calculator simultaneously uses two different Reynolds number equations, as below: Re = ρ * u * L / μ and Re = u * L / ν. In nonideal fluid dynamics, the Hagen–Poiseuille equation, also known as the Hagen–Poiseuille law, Poiseuille law or Poiseuille equation, is a physical law that gives the pressure drop in an incompressible and Newtonian fluid in laminar flow flowing through a long cylindrical pipe of constant cross section. 2 If the speciﬁc weight of a liquid is 8. Download viscosity calculator, including correlation matrices, 1. Viscosity definition, the state or quality of being viscous. Kinematic viscosity is the absolute viscosity divided by the density. Conversely, non-Newtonian liquids change in viscosity depending on the shear rate (figure 1). The Lee, Gonzalez and Eakin correlation was published in 1964 and accurately predicts the viscosity of natural gases with low non-hydrocarbon content, and for temperature between 100 F - 340 F, and pressures between 14. Calculate dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity. Fill in any ONE of the fields below. Viscosity of a fluid can also be measured by several experiments. For the new viscosity program that was developed, data was added to the start301 database to include values for A, B, C, and D for a number of liquids. This calculator helps to calculate your electricity costs. Serway's approach is a good visualization - if the molecules have diameter d, then the effective cross-section for collision can be modeled by. Mass Weight Conversion. This calculator deals with the stokes law of viscosity. Kinematic viscosity of mixture is [m 2 /s]: Contraction of volume of mixture is [%]: The calculation is based on the parameterisation in Cheng (2008) Ind. The SI derived unit for dynamic viscosity is Pascal Second. Online physics calculators for motion in a straight line under constant acceleration: Average velocity, Velocity as a function of initial velocity, acceleration and time, Displacement as a function of velocity and time, Displacement as a function of initial velocity, acceleration and time. 5) or by taking the high-temperature limit of the liquid-like viscosity given by the Maxwell relation = G. The same form will toggle back and forth between density and viscosity calculations by pressing the density and viscosity buttons. Heat transfer takes place through conduction, convection and radiation. Use this program to convert the units of the kinematic viscosity. Viscosity of liquids decrease as temperature rise. Oil and Water Viscosity conversions including various oils, water, and glycerin, at various temperatures. Measuring engine oil viscosity. This experiment has many steps, but when followed correctly, they will allow you to calculate the viscosity of any liquid. Viscosity 1. Calculate %. Serway's approach is a good visualization - if the molecules have diameter d, then the effective cross-section for collision can be modeled by. The dynamic viscosity η (Greek letter eta) is normally given in millipascal-seconds (mPas) and is usually determined by using a rotary viscometer. org is the ultimate resource for unit conversion. These are made available to help you do preliminary mixer sizing, mixtank volume, etc. We now calculate viscosity at the minimum, m. Successful characterization of viscosity is key in determining if a fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian, and what range of shear rates needs to be considered for an specific application. density, dynamic viscosity, kinematic viscosity, specific enthalpy, specific entropy, specific isobar heat capacity cp, specific isochor heat capacity cp, thermic conductivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, heat conductance, thermal diffusivity, Prandtl-number, coefficient of compressibility Z, speed of sound. Click here for Calculator for Liquids With A Viscosity Other Than Water : Calculations are done from reference data we believe to be correct, results should be verified for correctness. This is a one stop location for everything regarding Coil Design. Fanno Flow and Rayleigh Flow calculators by Adam Ford, included 7 th February 2008. Home > Calculators > MCA Peak Systolic Velocity The proximal middle cerebral artery is enlarged to to occupy more than 50% of the image and is sampled 2 mm after its origin from the internal carotid artery. 2 If the speciﬁc weight of a liquid is 8. Two types of oil are on the market: single-viscosity oil and multi-viscosity oil. If you have not heard the news already (I had not!), Methanol/Water solution has a maximum viscosity at an specific mixing ratio, in which the viscosity is bigger than both methanol and water. More from 'Calculators' Length Unit Converter. Calculate content; Type in the density (g/ml) Type in the temperature (°C) Corresponding hydrogen peroxide content (% b. Viscosity for Coke ®, water, milk, and vinegar based on the best-fit trend line that I find on the Excel; therefore, there are statistical errors in the equations. Please bear in mind that the use of the software might be restricted in terms of time or functionality. Atmosphere Calculator Partner with ConvertIt. Dynamic Viscosity Program. Example: What is the electric conductivity of a material (tungsten) with an electric resistivity of 5. Assume the air is at standard atmospheric pressure. Therefore, at least three cells must have values, and no more than one cell may be blank. What I started with was a formula I found in a book called "Physics Handbook. To Use The Coil Calculator: The coil calculator will calculate the inductance of both closewound or non-closewound or "spaced" coils. Total number of units: Base Units (969) Derived Units (164766) If you like our website, please help us spread the world and remember to bookmark us. Distance Calculator The distance an moving object has covered over time t, can be determined by isolating the distance from the following formula: The final formula is: D = v * t where D is the distance, v is the velocity/speed and t is the time. Simply put, viscosity is the oil's resistance to flow or, for the layman, an oil's speed of flow as measured through a device known as a viscometer. Viscosity conventionally uses unusual units. Absolute viscosity is the shear stress divided by the shear rate. Appleton Lighting Retrofit Calculator. This mathematical formula is discussed in this paper. This software is an intellectual property of SparkLabs. Unit Conversions:: • Acceleration • Area • Charge • Conc. Viscosity Index is 95. In the development of our calculator special attention was focused on calculating values at elevated water temperatures. You can calculate pre-filled values of oil classified by ISO 3448 with grades VG22, VG32, VG46 or VG68 (at viscosity Index = 100) or enter specific values for any other oils. Mayer & Garder were the first to proposed this concept for determining the Critical oil flow rate for a gas-oil isotropic reservoir with the perforated interval at the lower bottom of the oil zone. Click here for Calculator for Liquids With A Viscosity Other Than Water : Calculations are done from reference data we believe to be correct, results should be verified for correctness. Kinematic Viscosity Calculator. If you need help with conversions, or just need to check your work, use this calculator to go from m 2 /s to cm 2 /s and more. Fluid Mechanics Chapter 1: Fluids and their Properties 1. It is easy to measure plastic viscosity with the help of a viscometer, which helps to estimate the shear rate at 600, 300, 200, 100, 6 and 3 rpm (rotations per minute). com's Kinematic Viscosity (ν) Calculator is an online physics tool to calculate the ratio of dynamic viscosity to unit density of the fluid, in both US customary & metric (SI) units. Kinematic Viscosity v Sometimes viscosity is measured by timing the flow of a known volume of fluid from a viscosity. for 45% enter 45 Click on the "Calculate" button. Online Air Viscosity Calculator. Two types of oil are on the market: single-viscosity oil and multi-viscosity oil. The value of the blank cell will be calculated based on the other values entered. On my researches, a lot of the chemical suppliers specify viscosities in cps. Make 78,764 conversions with easy-to-use, accurate, and powerful measure unit calculator Instantly add a free Density Converter Widget to your website It will take less than a minute, is as easy as cutting and pasting. Magma Calculator Enter your code in the box below. Use this easy tool to quickly convert Centistokes as a unit of Kinematic viscosity. This is the size batch you want to make. The version of Viscosity you are about to download is 1. You can calculate pre-filled values of oil classified by ISO 3448 with grades VG22, VG32, VG46 or VG68 (at viscosity Index = 100) or enter specific values for any other oils. 03), smooth ball (0. Examples of approximate drag coefficients include: laminar flow on flat plate (0. Mass3J is "a practical calculator for determining weights and mass properties. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. Inspired by Vega’s landmark research, he determined a viscosity scale using foods like Hershey’s syrup, ready-made frosting, and pudding. • For conversion to different Viscosity units, select required units from the dropdown list (combo), enter quantity and click convert • For very large or very small quantity, enter number in scientific notation, Accepted format are 3. Calculated values and results can be shared to social media, mail, messages and other sharing apps. Download viscosity calculator, including correlation matrices, 1. Calculate the percentage of each of two oils to be mixed to obtain a desired viscosity at a specific temperature. 833 amps: 12 volts: 15 watts: 1. Conversions between SI, imperial, US, and other units. Best Graphing Calculator Online We have the most sophisticated and comprehensive TI 84 type graphing calculator online. The material used should be less than or equal to half of the diameter of the cylinder and should sink in the fluid. Flow rate, a term in fluid dynamics and hydrometry, is the volume of fluid which passes through a container (example: a pipe) per unit time and is measured as cubic metres per second and represented by the symbol Q. Apart from the direct method of finding dynamic viscosity which is Newton’s law of viscosity you can calculate it by following relations- * If Kinematic viscosity is known- * * Multiply kinematic viscosity with density. Assume the air is at standard atmospheric pressure. 574 Calculators & Converters related to Civil, Beams, Columns, Piling, Concrete, Survey, Soil & Earthwork, Structural Engineering, Bridges, Highway & Road, Hydraulics and Timber. The use of any of the calculators’ results is at the user’s sole risk. Shear stress in the µ-Slide I Luer family Nomenclature and units:. This tiny calculator makes it easy to carry out kinematic viscosity (cSt) and dynamic viscosity (cP) calculations for petroleum fluids based on their definitions. The kinematic viscosity is the absolute or dynamic viscosity divided by the liquids density at that temperature. Supports conversion between Poise, Centipoise, Water at 20C, Water at 40C, Heavy Oil at 20C, Heavy Oil at 40C, Glycerin at 20C, Glycerin at 40C, SAE 5W at -18C. You will see oil viscosity measurement in lube articles stated in kinematic (kv) and absolute (cSt) terms. Kinematic viscosity - Dynamic Viscosity Conversion. To Use The Coil Calculator: The coil calculator will calculate the inductance of both closewound or non-closewound or "spaced" coils. Actual values specified by the end user or EPC must be used to determine final equipment selections. Eaton's Non-Water Based Pressure Loss Calculator which will compute the pressure loss for liquids with a viscosity other than water for filtration applications. In the calculator, enter the temperature and salinity. Knovel’s steam calculators provide a full implementation of the 2012 cumulative update to IAPWS Industrial Formulation 1997 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS-IF97) by the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam, as well as IAPWS releases for transport properties and surface tension. Then click on "Calculate Density " and the fluid density is calculated. Significant Figures. The Lee, Gonzalez and Eakin correlation was published in 1964 and accurately predicts the viscosity of natural gases with low non-hydrocarbon content, and for temperature between 100 F - 340 F, and pressures between 14. Wattage and amperage at 12 volts Power Current Voltage; 5 watts: 0. Porosity is the value used to describe how much empty, or void, space is present in a given sample. To interpolate a density or viscosity press the compute button on either the buffer density or buffer viscosity frames. Falling ball viscometers measure the time it takes for a sphere of a known size and density to descend through a stationary liquid. 9 square root of 3. This attribute is commonly measured in regards to soil, since appropriate porosity levels are necessary for. Pressure Conversion Program and ideal gas law. If in planar Couette flow, for example, 1 dyne of tangential force is applied for every 1 cm 2 area of plate to create a velocity gradient of 1 s-1, then the fluid between the plates has a viscosity of 1 poise (=1 dyne · s/cm 2). To help you evaluate these key factors, we provide our recommended selection process, as well as supporting information and examples. Calibrate kinematic and Saybolt viscosity equipment, both automatic and manual. • For conversion to different Viscosity units, select required units from the dropdown list (combo), enter quantity and click convert • For very large or very small quantity, enter number in scientific notation, Accepted format are 3. This is the most complete collection of unit converters with 39 different physical quantities supported. See Also: Other wine calculators by Brewer's Friend. Viscosity conventionally uses unusual units. It is constant for a liquid and depends on it’s liquid’s nature. No additional service or support is provided. Calculate the average velocity for each liquid by dividing the distance, measured in step 4 of Preparing the Graduated Cylinder to Measure the Viscosity of Each Liquid, by the average time it took to travel that distance. Please bear in mind that the use of the software might be restricted in terms of time or functionality. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. (2) and (3), the units of viscosity are given by force per area per inverse time. kg/(m S) - Vit = Speed (in m/s). Includes 53 different calculations. Calculate the average for the five time trials for each liquid and enter it in your data table. Falling ball viscometers measure the time it takes for a sphere of a known size and density to descend through a stationary liquid. Theoretical Basis 3. calculators, engineering calculators Liquid Phase Diffusion Coefficient Calculator: Enter value and click on calculate. These are a representation of expected values based on testing at room temperature between 20°C - 25°C (68°F - 77°F), and may vary based on different needle lengths, fluctuations in temperature (which significantly affects the viscosity of the selected drug), large height differences between the infusion pump and infusion site, and patient. The diffusion coefficient is unique for each solute and must be determined experimentally. Fluid is considered as incompressible, so density (rho) and temperature (T) are constant through tube. The True Terpenes mixing calculator is easy, and dare we say, fun to use! Find out how much terpene, diluent and extract you need. 703× w; where w represent RPM. There are key factors you must consider when putting together the bearing specifications for an application. The inverse of viscosity is called fluidity (McCain, 1990). Calculate dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity. kinematic viscosity; kinetic energy of turbulence; linear momentum; luminance; luminous flux; luminous intensity; magnetic field strength; magnetic flux; magnetic flux density; magnetic moment; magnetic permeability; magnetomotive force; mass; mass flowrate; mass flux; mass per unit area; mass per unit length; mass transfer coefficient; melting. Since it might be useful when considering pressure effects, this function calculates the pressure at the bottom and in the middle of the cell (given the currently loaded data set). Standards are NIST-traceable and certified to ASTM D2162 under ISO/IEC 17025 guidelines. Mass Weight Conversion. Third, calculate the phosphorus share of the total cost in one ton of 10-34-0: Cost of P 2 O 5 per ton of 10-34-0 = 680 lbs P 2 O 5 x 28 cents per lb = $190 (This value will be used in the next calculation. 9403%, is. 000763 m 2 /s. There are two ways to measure a fluid’s viscosity as follows: Dynamic Viscosity (Absolute Viscosity) Kinematic Viscosity; Many are confused between the two viscosity measures and consider them to be one and the same. Fluid Viscosity (Centipoise) Required Flow (GPM) Length of Plumbing (ft) Internal Plumbing Diameter (inches) Leave blank if not needed (ft) Leave blank if not needed Air Pressure at Pump Inlet (PSI) *Leave blank if not needed. The viscosity is calculated in terms of the coefficient of viscosity. For example, honey, which is "thicker" than water, has a much higher viscosity and so is more resistant to shear stresses. U = kinematic viscosity in centistokes at 40 °C to be listed in the body of the table. pascal second. Refutas Equation Mass Basis. Viscosity ratings: Oil is rated and identified by its viscosity, which determines its ability to flow. Use the Form Below to Calculate the Total Dynamic Head (TDH) of Your Pumping System. Values are given to seven significant figures ( the odd result may show 9's or 0's over running). 75 Table 3 Now we can visualize the flood front at 60, 120 and 240 days: Sw vs. Includes all the functions and options you might need. Viscosity, the "thickness" of fluid, refers to how resistant a fluid is to movement through it. Viscosity of water Tubes Centrifugation Research Organics buffer table History of density gradient centrifugation. Spindle # Multiplier for Readings at 60 rpm Viscosity Range 1 1 1 to 100 cP 2 5 50 to 500 cP 3 20 400 to 2,00 cP 4 100 1,000 to 10,000 cP. chemical & physical properties. ) Fourth, calculate the nitrogen share of the total cost of 10-34-0 per ton of product:. Legal Disclaimer: The Brewer's Friend Brix Specific Gravity Calculator is for entertainment purposes and should not be used for professional brewing or wine making. Each "calc" also has a helpful diagram, a brief description of the theory behind the calculation, and some notes to help you get the most of it. Percentage. • For conversion to different Viscosity units, select required units from the dropdown list (combo), enter quantity and click convert • For very large or very small quantity, enter number in scientific notation, Accepted format are 3. Also, gas is considered as ideal. The other kind of viscosity will be given in the lower box. 785 then we can calculate that its density is 0. 8 cSt 850 SSU ~ 183 cSt 70 SSU ~ 13. We are open for business with regular working hours, see "Contact Us" link below for our hours of operation. If you heat a liquid, you increase it's volume because as the molecules are heated, they move & take up more space. Home > Calculators > MCA Peak Systolic Velocity The proximal middle cerebral artery is enlarged to to occupy more than 50% of the image and is sampled 2 mm after its origin from the internal carotid artery. Enter either the dynamic viscosity and density, or the kinematic viscosity. The use of any of the calculators' results is at the user's sole risk. The output dynamic viscosity is given as Pa*s, N*s/m 2, cP, mPa*s, lb f *s/ft 2 and lb m /(ft*h), while the kinematic viscosity is given as cSt, m 2 /s, and ft 2 /s. x = (2×70+3×80+1×90) / (2+3+1) = 470 / 6 = 78. Pick your Ingredients and Find the Price of any Sandwich. density, dynamic viscosity, kinematic viscosity, specific enthalpy, specific entropy, specific isobar heat capacity cp, specific isochor heat capacity cp, thermic conductivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, heat conductance, thermal diffusivity, Prandtl-number, coefficient of compressibility Z, speed of sound. It is assumed that the core and proximity losses are negligible, so that the inductor losses are dominated by the low-frequency copper losses. Question from Ron, a student: A body that weighs 540lbs is caused to slide up an inclined plane with a uniform velocity by a force that acts parallel to the plane. The Stokes has the units of cm²/s. These are made available to help you do preliminary mixer sizing, mixtank volume, etc. No additional service or support is provided. 5:1 (3460/1005=3. However, I think it should work well enough. Topics range from complex scientific equations to practical everyday equations. Calculate the total pressure change due to a sudden shutting of a valve, or water hitting the end of a pipe with our Water Hammer Calculator Pressure Loss Calculator - Water Enter your Flow Rate, Cv value of the strainer and the basket mesh size into our Water Based Pressure Loss Calculator which will compute the pressure loss for water and. The two types of viscosity that contribute to the oils fluidic properties, and the pour point, are dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity. 000763 m 2 /s. 20-10-10 0 20 40 60 80 100: 1038 1036 1030 1022 1014 1006 997: 3. The code is based on MATLAB algorithms released in the The Seawater Thermophysical Properties Library [1]. gas mix at low pressure. Total volumetric flow = 50000 kg/hr ÷ 988. I cannot use this calculator: htt. The intrinsic viscosity is obtained in the limit of c 2 =>0 as [h] = (h - h 0)/(c 2 h 0). Hyperviscosity refers to any state in which there is increased viscosity of the blood. 1 MPa (1 atm). 417 amps: 12 volts: 10 watts: 0. The two factors that define the viscosity of bitumen are: Chemical Composition of Bitumen Structure of Bitumen […]. A very extensive collection of units and categories. Drag depends on the density of the air, the square of the velocity, the air's viscosity and compressibility, the size and shape of the body, and the body's inclination to the flow. The density, viscosity, and thermal conductivity of ethylene glycol + water, diethylene glycol + water, and triethylene glycol + water mixtures were measured at temperatures ranging from 290 K to 450 K and concentrations ranging from 25 mol % glycol to 100 mol % glycol. Result will be displayed. 8 m/s^2, a = radius of ball bearing, and v = velocity of ball bearing through liquid. Viscosity Index (VI), defined by ASTM D 2270-04, relates the viscosity of an oil at 40C and 100C relative to the viscosity of a reference oil at those same temperatures. A Reynolds number above 4000 generally results in turbulent flow. If you select a fluid type from the drop down menu and a temperature, then the calculator will automatically fill in the properties for density, dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity. Pipe Pressure Loss Calculator: Wall drag and changes in height lead to pressure drops in pipe fluid flow. [3] deﬁnition of two-phase viscosity but with the addition of an extra term. Pressure Loss Calculator - Other Enter your Flow Rate, Cv value of the strainer, basket mesh size, gravity of your liquid and the viscosity of your fluid is SSU into our Non-Water Based Pressure Loss Calculator which will compute the pressure loss for liquids with a viscosity other than water. Weight to Volume conversions for select substances and materials. Calculate TCE. In the oil industry, there is a need to identify a viscosity standard that is representative of light oils produced from ultra-deep formations found beneath the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The other kind of viscosity will be given in the lower box. Post-add T493 Modifier Calculator Mix contains 10% T492 Adjuster. Errors in individual correlations can compound and propagate through to the resulting answer. As specific gravity is just a comparison, it can be applied across any units. 3 zahn cups. 142x10**12 or 3. The same form will toggle back and forth between density and viscosity calculations by pressing the density and viscosity buttons. Click on the graph to set the temperature. This calculator will calculate heating loads only. Make 78,764 conversions with easy-to-use, accurate, and powerful measure unit calculator Instantly add a free Density Converter Widget to your website It will take less than a minute, is as easy as cutting and pasting.

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